Collectivisation of agriculture

Collectivisation of agriculture
The establishment of collective farms – kolkhozes – in Latvia began in 1946-1947. Farmers had to hand over to the collective farm their land, tools, equipment and farm animals. They could usually keep for themselves about an acre of land around the house and one cow, from which a stipulated amount of milk had to be delivered to the state.
The work of a farmer for the kolkhoz was tallied as number of days worked. Payment for such days was to be a specified amount of farm produce and money. However, after a kolkhoz provided the required levies to the state, often there was not enough to pay the farmers. In some cases a kolkhoz ended up paying nothing for the work of the farmers. The efficiency of such collective work was low. There were few experienced farmers among the kolkhoz leadership, since the main criterion for selecting the head of a kolkhoz was loyalty to the Soviet regime. During its 50 years of operation the kolkhoz system destroyed traditional Latvian agriculture.