The first mass deportations

The first mass deportations
The Soviet terror in Latvia culminated on the night of 13-14 June 1941 when some 15,443 persons – men, women and children – were deported to the USSR. The grounds for arrest and deportation were social status and activity in a political or social organisation. The families of these „enemies of the state" were also deported. A major cleansing action took place in the army camp at Litene, where some were executed outright, and at least 430 officers and soldiers were deported.

Of those deported on 14 June 1941, about 40% did not survive. Some died on the long train journey in cattle cars. The greatest mortality, about 65%, was in the Siberian prison camps, including some 700 executed.