The Secret Protocols of August and September 1939 between Germany and the USSR

The Secret Protocols of August and September 1939 between Germany and the USSR
On 23 August 1939 Germany and the Soviet Union concluded a mutual non-aggression agreement. An additional secret protocol provided for the partitioning of Eastern Europe into spheres of influence. The countries affected by this additional protocol included Poland, Romania, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Finland. An extra agreement regarding this matter was reached on 28 September 1939 and effectively placed the three Baltic states and Finland entirely within the USSR sphere of influence.

The secret USSR-Germany pact altered the balance of power and totally disrupted the Versailles peace arrangement. Thus, at the commencement of the Second World War, Germany and the USSR each heldafree reign in the territories of their respective spheres of influence. By means of military power and threats, they dismantled the independence of several states, and deported and killed a large number of the inhabitants of these countries.